Masalah Penglihatan

Addition of fraction with the same denominator up to 10 - Low vision

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Penulis: 
Molly Voon

Perancangan Sebelum Pengajaran

Sukatan Pelajaran: 
Topic 2: Fractions 2.3 Add two proper fractions with denominators up to 10. 2.3.1 Add two proper fractions with the same denominator up to 10 to its simplest form with 1 as the numerator for both fractions. 2.3.2 Add two proper fractions with the same denominator up to 10 with different numerators.
Deskripsi Pelajaran Hari Ini: 
Add two proper fractions with denominators up to 10.
Objektif: 
At the end of the lesson, 1. Given questions involving add two proper fractions with the same denominator up to 10 with 1 as the numerator for both fractions,student will be able to express it to its simplest form. 2. Given questions involving add two proper fractions with the same denominator up to 10 with different numerators, student will be able to express it to its simplest form.
Kemahiran Sedia Ada: 
Student had learned the concept of proper fraction and express equivalent fractions to its simplest form.
Analisis Tugasan/Konsep Pembelajaran: 
1. Add two proper fractions with the same denominator up to 10 to its simplest form with 1 as the numerator for both fractions with the help of paper strip. 2. Write the sum of two proper fractions with the same denominator up to 10 to its simplest form with 1 as the numerator for both fractions. 3. Add two proper fractions with the same denominator up to 10 to its simplest form with different numerator for both fractions with the help of paper strip. 4. Write the sum of the two proper fractions with the same denominator up to 10 to its simplest form with different numerator for both fractions with the help of paper strip.
Bahan Bantu Mengajar: 
Paper strips and colour pencils.

Permulaan Pengajaran

Set Induksi
Deskripsi: 

Teacher shows 2 cakes and two flavours of topping. (chocolate and strawberry).

Membantu Murid Mengingat Kembali Kemahiran Sedia Ada
1. Teacher revises back the concept of fraction by asking him, "I have a piece of round cake, I divide it into 6 parts, then I put strawberry on top of 2 parts." 2. Teacher asks student to state the fraction. {Answers : 2/6} 3. Then, teacher says,"Another cake I put one part with chocolate on top of it." 4. Teacher asks student to state the fraction. {Answers: 1/6}
Memperkenalkan Pelajaran Hari Ini Kepada Murid
Today, we will learn to add two proper fractions with denominators up to 10.

Penyampaian Isi Pelajaran

Mempersembahkan Maklumat Baru Kepada Murid
1. Teacher then introduces today's lesson is about two added proper fractions. 2. Teacher demonstrates: a) Teacher divides the paper strip into 5 equal parts. b) Teacher colours the first part with blue. Then, teacher gives the fraction as 1/5. c) For the second part, teacher colours it with red. Then, teacher gives the fraction as 1/5. 3. Teacher explains with adding the blue and red parts together,the fraction is 2/5 (1/5 + 1/5). 4. Teacher demonstrates another example: a) Teacher divides the paper strip into 8 equal parts. b) Teacher colours the first part with blue. Then, teacher gives the fraction as 1/8. c) For the second part, teacher colours it with red. Then, teacher gives the fraction as 1/8. d) Hence, teacher explains with adding the blue and red parts together, the fraction is 2/8 which is equal to 1/4 in its simplest form.
Langkah Kedua
1. Teacher asks the pupil to demonstrate according to teacher's demonstration that he has seen in previous step. 2. Teacher gives instruction and student follows the instruction given by teacher. a) Divides the paper strip into 6 parts. Choose your favourite colour to colour the first part and another colour for second part. b) Add the fractions. {Student demonstrates and states the fraction: 1/6 + 1/6 = 2/6 = 1/3.} 3. Teacher gives another instruction: a) Divides the paper strip into 8 parts. Choose your favourite colour to colour the first part and another colour for second part. b) Add the fractions. {Student demonstrates and states the fraction: 1/8 + 1/8 = 2/8 = ¼.}
Langkah Ketiga
1. Teacher says, “The numerators can also have more parts of colours.” 2. Teacher demonstrates: a) Teacher divides the paper strip into 8 equal parts. b) Teacher colours first 2 parts with blue and name the fraction as 2/8. c) Teacher colours the other 3 parts with red and name the fraction as 3/8. d) Teacher adds: 2/8 + 3/8 = 5/8. 3. Teacher asks the student to demonstrate according to teacher's demonstration that he has seen in previous step. 4. Teacher gives instruction and student follows the instruction given by teacher. a) Divides the paper strip into 6 parts. b) Colours the first two parts with your favourite colour and another three parts with different colour. c) Add the fractions. {Student demonstrated and states the fraction: 2/6 + 3/6 = 5/6.} 5. Teacher gives exercise to student. 6. For the first question for each part of the worksheet, teacher guides him to find the answer. 7. Teacher asks student to complete the rest of questions as his homework.

Penilaian

Latihan dengan Bimbingan
1. Teacher guides student step by step to add two proper fractions with the same denominator up to 10 with 1 as the numerator for both fractions and express it to its simplest form. 2. Teacher guides student step by step to add two proper fractions with the same denominator up to 10 with different numerators and express it to its simplest form.
Latihan Kendiri
Teacher asks student to try the exercises given by the teacher.

Penutup Pengajaran

1. Teacher shows him a card with 9 boxes and gives fraction : 4/9 and 3/9. 2. Student pastes the 4 round shape stickers on the boxes as represent fraction 4/9 and another 3 triangle shape stickers on another three boxes to represent fraction 3/9. Student adds the value as : 4/9 + 3/9 = 7/9.
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